Tilford M. Reed

13 Jul 1837 - 3 Jun 1916

Private Co., H

9th Texas Cavalry, CSA

By Ron Brothers





Tilford M. Reed was born 13 Jul 1837 in Illinois and died 3 Jun 1916 in Kent, Choctaw Co., OK and is buried the Sugar Creek Cemetery, Soper, Choctaw Co., OK.

He first married Clemente B. Ingram (born in 1842) on 11 Aug 1859 in Lamar Co., TX. She must have died because he married a second time to Elizabeth J. Childs on 11 Jan 1865 in Lamar Co., TX (Vol. 3, p. 337). His third wife was Lucy Ann Maddox. Lucy was born 14 Jun 1847 in MO, married T. M. Reed on 13 Nov 1866 (Vernon Co., MO. Marriage Records Vol. A, p. 97), she died 17 Oct 1917 in Kent, Choctaw Co., OK and she is buried in the Sugar Creek Cemetery, Soper, Choctaw Co., OK.

The location of Tilford Reed in the various census years are as follows.

1850 Lamar Co., TX.; Family #396, Roll 912.

1860 UNKNOWN

1870 UNKNOWN

1880 Lamar Co., TX.; Prec. #1, ED#73, SD#2, p. 4-27, 29 Jun 1880, Family #480-500.

1900 Lamar Co., TX.; Prec. #1, Family #551-555.

1910 Choctaw Co., OK.; Oakes Twp, Nelson, SD#4, ED#66, Sheet 3B, p. 80, 21 Apr 1910, Line 75, Family #28-28.

He was the son of William and Jane Duff Reed. Tilford was the grandson of Gardner and Rebecca Morrow Reed. Gardner Reed was born about 1790, and died 1843 in Lamar Co., TX. Gardner married Rebecca Morrow 26 Feb 1810 in Sumner Co., TN. To tell the story of Tilford one must go back to his grandfather Gardner Reed.

In 1841, Gardner Reed moved his children and grandchildren from Greene County, Illinois to Lamar County, Texas. It is believed he traveled with the Duff and Castelberry families. Upon arriving Gardner Reed, Harmon Reed, Dennis Duff, and John Castleberry all took out 3rd Class Texas Land Certificates around the area of what is now Charleston, Delta County Texas. At the time, this region between the north and south Sulphur Rivers was part of Lamar County.

Children of Gardner Reed and Rebecca Morrow were:

1. Falby M. Reed, born About 1813 in TN; died Bef. 1870 in Lamar Co., TX. She married Dennis Duff 19 Apr 1832 in Greene Co., IL.
2. William W. Reed, born 03 Oct 1814 in TN; died 17 Dec 1879 in Paris, Lamar Co., TX. He married Jane Duff 19 Feb 1835 in Jacksonville, Morgan Co., IL.
3. F. J. Phereby Reed, born 25 Jul 1817 in TN; died 18 Jan 1893 in Paris, Lamar Co., TX.
4. Harmon Reed, born About 1820 in TN. He married Rebecca E. Thrasher 13 Jun 1848 in Lamar Co., TX.
5. Elizabeth A. Reed, born 14 Dec 1822 in TN; died 01 Dec 1877 in Powderly, Lamar Co., TX. She married William Stephens 15 Jun 1848 in Lamar Co., TX.
6. Matthew G. Reed, born 10 Mar 1825 in TN; died 16 Jan 1889 in Lamar Co., TX. He married Missouri G. Harrell 01 Nov 1848 in Lamar Co., TX.


When Gardner Reed died sometime in 1843 the family mysteriously moved into what is now the Amhearst/Givens communities northeast of Paris, Lamar County, Texas. There his sons, William, Matthew and Harmon, along with their sons began acquiring land from the outskirts of present day Paris to the Pine Creek several miles north and northeast of Paris. Eventually these thousands of acres became known as Reed's Prairie.

William W. Reed (son of Gardner) was born 03 Oct 1814 in TN, and died 17 Dec 1879 in Paris, Lamar Co., TX. He married Jane Duff 19 Feb 1835 in Jacksonville, Morgan Co., IL. William and his sons did the majority of the land acquisition. Harmon moved to Crawford Co., Arkansas (and was never heard of again) and Matthew became a well-to-do cotton buyer/merchant in Paris.

Children of William Reed and Jane Duff were:

1. Tilford M. Reed, born 13 Jul 1837 in IL; died 03 Jun 1916 in Kent, Choctaw Co., OK.
2. Jacob Gardner Reed, born 27 Dec 1842 in IL; died 27 Jun 1911 in Powderly, Lamar Co., TX. He married (1) Mary Jane Popham 18 Jan 1866 in Powderly, Lamar Co., TX. He married (2) Emma Eliza Johnson 06 Feb 1883 in Powderly, Lamar Co., TX.
3. John G. Reed, born About 1844 in IL; died Bef. 1900 in Powderly, Lamar Co., TX. He married Mary Elizabeth Foster 13 Jul 1867 in Lamar Co., TX.
4. Lewis Cass Reed, born About 1847 in Lamar Co., TX. He married S. C. ?? About 1879.
5. William A. Reed, born 16 May 1851 in Lamar Co., TX; died 07 Jul 1857 in Lamar Co., TX.
6. James L. Reed, born About 1853 in Lamar Co., TX. He married Matilda J. ?? about 1876.


William and his sons, Tilford, Jacob, John and Lewis bought, sold and traded many acres of land northeast of Paris for many years. William Reed is known to have owned a few slaves (probably no more than 5-10) and it is conjecture that many of the present day black families named Reed who call Reed's Prairie home, may have come from the former slaves of this William Reed. William was a farmer all his life and Jacob more than the rest of his brothers, took up the plow also. Tilford was more of a townsman and merchant. John was a smaller farmer and Lewis disappeared and has never been heard of.

Of the all the sons of William Reed, Tilford seemed to have joined the earliest for the coming fight between the states of the Union. His military records follow.

T. M. Reed, Private, Captain Sam Bell Maxey commanding officer, Lamar Rifles, Light Infantry & Rifleman, 9th Brigade Texas State Troopers. Enlisted May 25, 1861 at Paris, Texas. Disbanded Jan 26, 1862. Remarks "R&F 70; Company organized under Act F. 15-58; election certified with roll; 1 Muster roll dated, July 6, 1861.

An account of this Company is found in The History of Lamar County, A.W. Neville, N. Texas Publishing Co., 1937, page 116-117:

"Sam Bell Maxey had organized a company which is recorded under date of May 25,1861. The roll showed...(list of men) T. M. Reed.... I went to several camps where companies were organized. One afternoon I heard a drum beating over in the north and I ran across the old brick yard and through the trees saw a company of infantry. All I had seen before were cavalry. Sam Bell Maxey was in command and rode at the head on a beautiful sorrel horse that some friends had presented him. These troops marched in column of two along the road and into the Jake Long field where they camped about a week until sickness broke out and some died before they were moved. Many of my older schoolmates were in this command, and I was proud of them and recall how in company formation they marched through the public square and out the main street south. Schools were disrupted and all the men but the older ones were gone."

Lamar County Deed Record Book L, pages 348-349, records the list of men who volunteered for the Lamar Rifles, T. M. Reid (sic) being the 26th volunteer of the group commanded by Sam Bell Maxey.

Telford (sic) M. Reed, Private. Commanding Officer Captain N. W. Townes. Organization; Mounted Rifleman, Lamar County, 9th Regiment, Texas Cavalry; Colonel W.B. Sims, commanding Texas State Troop transferred to Confederate States Army. Enlisted August 31, 1861 in Lamar City, for 12 months; transferred to CSA 0.14-1861. Age 24 years. Remarks "R&F 91; enrolled 7 mustered. officer Wm. C. Batte; Appraisers, W. J. Chance, James B. Sparks; Value of Horse $175; HE $30; Arms-Rifle $50, Pistol $50 (Holsters); 80 miles to place of rendevous; Company stationed at Camp Reeves, Grayson Co., 04-1861; 1 Muster roll dated August 31, 1861.

T. M. Reed appears on the microfilm of the Service Records of the 9th Texas Cavalry, Confederate States Army, M323-59.

Roll dated Camp Reeves, Grayson Co., TX Oct. 14, 1861, age 24, joined for duty at Camp Reeves, by Col. William C. Young, for 12 months, number of miles to rendevous 25, valuation of horse $100, equipment $15.
Roll dated Nov - Dec 1861, Pvt., Capt. J. D. Wrights Company, joined for duty and enlisted on Dec 31, at Fort Gipson, by W. B. Sims, for 10 months, remarks: struck for Blacksmith form Dec 1 to Dec 12.
Roll dated Mar - Apr 1862, enlisted at Camp Brogden on Oct. 14, 1861, by W. C. Young for 12 months, last paid by J. W. Sims on 28 Feb 1862, absent, left sick in Johnson Co. AR on Mar 27, 1862, last paid by J. W. Sims on 30 Apr 1862.
Roll dated May - Jun 1862, same as last roll.
Roll dated July - Aug 1862, same as last roll.
Roll dated Sep - Oct 1862, same as last roll.
Roll dated Nov - Dec 1862, dis______ 30 Aug 1862 by command ___ Estes, _____ in Texas.


So it appears that Tilford never saw service after March 27, 1862. Unfortunately no stories were handed down in the Reed family that recall the service of her sons in the Confederate Army and we are left to wonder if Tilford returned to his regiment or simply became part of the many men who never returned because of disgust over the handling of the war.

An old family tale, told to me by my great Aunt, Etta Mae Maddox Bramlett, recalled that Tilford was in New Orleans, LA and met the indigent refugee family of Martha Jane Maddox, her son Ben Stuart Maddox and a sister-in-law, Lucy Ann Maddox. The family had come from Vernon County, Missouri where Jayhawkers had killed the head of the family, John Stuart Maddox, burned the farm and run the rest of the family out of the area.

The story goes that Tilford brought the family to Lamar County where they must have stayed for a while. Strangely, for some unknown reason, Tilford is married to Lucy Ann Maddox back up in Vernon County in 1866. So for some reason the refugee family returned to Vernon County, perhaps to reclaim the lands they had been removed from. Nevertheless Tilford decides to purchase property in the nearest town there.

Vernon County, MO, Deed Book G, p. 242, dated October 14, 1867, shows that Tif purchased "Lots No. 10, 11, 12, in Block 6" of the town of Montevallo, Missouri from Thomas M. Addis for $250.00. Obviously, the war had not left the Lamar county Reed family of Texas poverty stricken. By the early 1880s he sells the property and returns to Lamar County, Texas where interestingly enough he has established himself in the town of Paris and sells additional acreage to the old City Cemetery Asssociation.

Lamar County Deed Book S-2, pp. 296-297:

"The State of Texas, County of Lamar, Know all men by these presents that we T. M. Reed and wife L. A. Reed of the county of Lamar and State of Texas for and in consideration of $150 to us in hand paid by the old Cemetery Association and a note for $50 payable 12 months, after bearing 10% interest from date executed by said old Cemetery Association, and bearing even date herewith to asure the pay with of which a lien is hereby retained in the land herewith after described, have granted sold and conveyed and by these presents do grant bargain sell and convey unto the said old Cemetery of the City of Paris and to their heirs and assigns a certain tract of land situated in the county of Lamar, and the State of Texas and described as follows to wit: within the city of Paris and county and part of the Larkin Rattan survey and bounded as follows, beginning at the SE corner of a lot sold E. D. Scales to T. M. Reed, the same being the SE corner of a lot issued by John Martin, thence West 8 poles with the south boundary line of the old graveyard lot a stake, thence East 8 poles a stake, thence North 81 feet to the beginning. To have and to hold the above described premises together with all and singular the rights members? improvements her____mensts? and appurtenances there to us anywise belonging unto the said old Cemetery their heirs or assigns forever in fee simple, and we do hereby bind ourselves our heirs executors and administrators to forever warrant and defend the rights and title to the said premises unto the said old cemetery their heirs and assigns against every person whomsoever lawful by claiming or to claim the same or any part thereof. Witness our hands this 12th day of Dec 1884. Signed T. M. Reed and L. A. Reed."

On 7 Mar 1885 Tilford records a deed in Lamar County which has become as precious as gold for in it proves the existence of what are now unmarked graves of many of the early family members, forgotten and unknown until this discovery in the early 1990s. Lamar county Deed Book 25, page 217:

"Know all men by these presents that I, C. R. Pride of the County of Lamar and State of Texas for an in consideration of sum of Ten dollars to me in hand paid by T. M. reed the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged have granted, sold and convey and by these presents, do grant, bargain sell and convey unto the said T. M. Reed and to his heirs and assigns a sertain tract of land situated in the county of Lamar and State of Texas and described as follows to wit, about three miles East of Paris and known as the Old Leach Graveyard in the Pride Cemetery and Lots No. (15 and 16) Fifteen and Sixteen so much of said cemetery as contains the remains of the late Gardner Reed and family, Dennis Duff and family, Wm. Reed and family, the same being a part of the Joseph Leach headright survey. The same to be held sacred to a burying ground forever... Witness my hand this 7th day of March A.D. 1885. C. R. Pride."

Sadly, it is reported that many tombstones were removed by developers of housing and teenager pranks in the 1950s and 60s. This graveyard continues to be ignored and taken in by residents that surround it within the city of Paris. Without the detailed accounting sought by Tilford, the graves of the Reed forefathers in Lamar County would have been forever unknown and lost.

On 27 Apr 1885 Tilford sells another lot next to the Old City cemetery to his step-nephew Ben Stuart Maddox who by now has become of age and brought his family of wife and child and returned to Lamar County. (Ben Maddox is my great grandfather.) Ironically, Ben would bury his wife Nancy S. Ambler, son Jessie Stuart Maddox and an unnamed child in the very cemetery they live next to before 1891.

Tilford applied for a Confederate Pension #7862 on Oct. 15, 1900. At the time he states his age to be 63 and that he had been in Lamar County since 1844. He further stated that he served in Company H, 9th Texas Cavalry about one year. He owned a wagon and team worth $150, one colt $30, two cows $50. He stated that he was indigent due to age, bad health and a broken leg. Dr. Wm. Hodges attached an affidavit that Tif had a "intra capsular fraction of hip, loss use of leg". The application was approved on 20 Mar 1901.

Sometime in the early 1900s several of the Reed family clan moved to Oklahoma for reason unknown to us today. Tilford and Lucy moved to the Soper area where it is reported they operated a small store for a few years near Antlers. My grandmother Martha Jane Maddox Brothers recalled making several trips there by wagon where the family would spend a few nights with them. She also recalled playing there with Lena and Maggie Duff who were cousins.

The burial site of Tif and Lucy Reed was forgotten by the family as years passed by. Through research I found them again and in the strangest of circumstances. Acting on a hunch I visited a cemetery near Soper and found their graves in very well kept state, as a matter of fact, kept better than any other graves in the cemetery. This led me to believe that they had descendants nearby. Upon finding the name of the grounds keepers of the cemetery I visited them at their home in Soper and inquired who and why the Reed graves were kept so immaculately clean. The keeper said she kept them that way, not because she was related, but because the grave stones were the "prettiest stones in the cemetery." It was obvious the lady had spent several dollars per year in keeping the white rock gravel that covered the lot free of weeds and the stone so clean.

Tilford and Lucy Reed never had children and thus there family limb ends with them.






©Ron Brothers, All Rights Reserved, 1999.

14 Feb 1999.

Return to 9th Cavalry Biographies