ORGANIZATION OF CIVIL WAR ARMIES

Many units of the War never had their full compliment for status as shown below. This is to show only approximate numbers of men or material for ideal situations.

INFANTRY



WAR DEPARTMENT

ARMY DIVISIONS, DEPTS. OR DISTRICTS

FIELD ARMY

US commanded by Major General and named for rivers

CSA commanded by General and named for States or Regions

CORPS

US commanded by Major General, strength 10,000 -- 20,000 men

CSA commanded by Lt. General, strength normally about 20,000 men

Both consisted of 45 Regiments and 9 Batteries of Artillery

DIVISION

US commanded by Brigadier, strength 6,000 men, 3 Brigades per Division

CSA commanded by Major General, strength 8,000 men, 4 Brigades per Division

Both usually contained 4 Batteries of Artillery per Division

BRIGADE

US commanded by Colonel, strength 400-1500 men, 3 Regiments per Brigade

CSA commanded by Brigadier or Colonel, strength 400-1500 men, 5 Regiments per Brigade

REGIMENT

US commanded by Colonel, strength 400-1000 men, about 10 Companies per Regiment

CSA commanded by Colonel, strength 400-1000 men, about 10 Companies per Regiment

COMPANY

Commanded by Captain, strength 40-100 men.

PLATOON

Commanded by Lieutenant, strength one half of a company

SQUAD

Led by Sergeant



ARTILLERY



DIVISION

4 Batteries per Infantry Division

BRIGADE

4-5 Batteries per Infantry Brigade

REGIMENT

Commanded by Colonel, strength 3 plus Battalions

BATTALION

Commanded by Colonel

BATTERY

Commanded by Captain, strength 4-5 guns, 40-100 men

SECTION

Commanded by Lieutenant, strength 2 guns

PLATOON

Led by a Sergeant and 9 men for each gun

GUN-LIMBER-CAISSON

12 Horses



CAVALRY



CORPS

DIVISION

BRIGADE

REGIMENT

Commanded by Colonel, strength 1,200 men

SQUADRON OR BATTALION

Commanded by Lt. Colonel-Major, strength 60-90 MEN

TROOP OR COMPANY

Commanded by Captain, strength 40-100 men

PLATOON

Commanded by Lieutenant

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