27TH TEXAS CAVALRY

Confederate States Army



Also known as

Whitfield's Legion

1st Texas Legion

Whitfield's Cavalry

Hawkin's Cavalry

Broock's Cavalry

Holman's Cavalry

Norsworthy's Cavalry

Patterson's Cavalry

West's Cavalry

Smith's Cavalry

Bivin's Cavalry



Though it had been called a Legion at times it never possessed Infantry and Artillery units which would actually make it a Legion. It always contained only Cavalry companies.








Organization



Organized by the increase of the four companies of the 4th Cavalry Battalion to a regiment of 12 companies in March 1862 recruiting men from Clarksville, Red River County, Daingerfield, Titus County, and Paris, Lamar County, Texas.

Co. A, named the Titus Invincibles, from Daingerfield and Morris County

Co. B, previously Co. A, 4th Texas Cavalry Battalion

Co. C, previously Co. B, 4th Texas Cavalry Battalion

Co. D, previously Co. C, 4th Texas Cavalry Battalion

Co. E, named Lone Star Rangers, from Clarksville and Red River County

Co. F, enlistees from Clarksville and Red River County

Co. G, enlistees from Paris, Lamar County

Co. H, enlistees from Clarksville and Red River County

Co. I, named Titus Rangers from Titus County

Co. K, previously Co. D, 4th Texas Cavalry Battalion

Co. L, unknown

Co. M, unknown

Co. N, unknown

Dismounted in April 1862. Remounted in October 1862.

Surrendered by Lieutenant General Richard Taylor, commanding the Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana, at Citronelle, Alabama on May 4, 1865.










Officers



First Commander

John Wilkins Whitfield (Colonel, Brigadier General)

Field Officers

John H. Broocks (Major, Lieutenant Colonel)

Edwin R. Hawkins (Lieutenant Colonel, Colonel)

Cyrus K. Holman (Major)

B. H. Norsworthy (Major)

John T. Whitfield (Major)

George W. Patterson

Edward West

Francis M. Smith

John M. Bivins










Assignments



April 1862 - Hobert's Brigade, Price's Division, Trans-Mississippi District, Department #2

April - July 1862 - Hobert's Brigade, Price's-Little's Division, Army of the West, Department #2

September - October 1862 - Hobert's Brigade, Little's-Hobert's-Green's Division, Price's Corps, Army of West Tennessee, Department #2

October - December 1862 - Griffith's, Whitfield's Cavalry Brigade, Maury's Division, Price's Corps, Army of West Tennessee, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana

January - February 1863 - Whitfield's Brigade, 2nd Division, Van Dorn's Cavalry Corps, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana

February 1863 - Whitfield's Brigade, jackson's Division, Van Dom's Cavalry Corps, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana

February - May 1863 - Whitfield's Brigade, Jackson's Division, Van Dom's Cavalry Corps, Army of Tennessee

June - July 1863 - Whitfield's Brigade, Jackson's Cavalry Division, Department of the West

July - August 1863 - Whitfield's Brigade, Jackson's Cavalry Division, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana

August 1863 - January 1864 - Whitfield's - Ross' Brigade, Jackson's Division, Lee's Cavalry Corps, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana

January - May 1864 - Ross' Brigade, Jackson's Division, Lee's Cavalry Corps, Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana

July 1864 - February 1865 - Ross' Brigade, Jackson's Cavalry Division, Army of Mississippi

May - July 1864 - Ross' Brigade, Jackson's Cavalry Division, Army of Tennessee

February - May 1865 - Ross' Brigade, Jackson's Division, Forrest's Cavalry Corps, Department of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana








Battles and Engagements



March 6 - 8 1862, Pea Ridge, Nentonville, LeeTown and Elkhorn Tavern, AR

April - June 1862, Corinth Campaign, MS

September 19, 1862, Iuka, MS

October 3 - 4, 1862, Corinth, MS

October 5 - 12, 1862, retreated to Hatchie River, MS

October 31, 1862 - Jan. 10, 1863, operations on the Mississippi R.R. from Bolivar, TN to Coffeeville, MS

December 3, 1862, skirmish at Oakland, MS

December 7, 1862, Oakland, MS

December 20, 1862, Holly Springs, MS

December 21, 1862, Davis' Mills, MS

December 24, 1862, Middleburg, TN

February 16 - 19, 1863, Yazoo Pass, MS

March 5, 1863, Thompson's Station [or Spring Hill, TN]

May - July 1863, Vicksburg Campaign, MS

May 5, 1863, skirmish at Big Sandy Creek, MS

May 8, 1863, skirmish at Big Sandy Creek, MS

May 9, 1863, skirmish near Big Sandy Creek, MS

May 9 - 10, 1863, skirmish at Utica, MS

July 8, 1863, skirmish near Clinton, MS

July 9, 1863, skirmish near Jackson, MS

July 10 - 17, 1863, Jackson Siege, MS

July 20 - 21, 1863, operations against Scout from Memphis, TN

September 27, 1863, skirmish at Yazoo City, MS

September 28, 1863, skirmish by a detachment at Brownsville, MS

September 28, 1863, skirmish by a detachment at Canton, MS

September 29, 1863, skirmish by a detachment at Moore's Ford near Benton, MS

October 6, 1863, Garrison's Creek near Fosterville, TN

October 15, 1863, skirmish at Brownsville, MS

October 15 - 16, 1863, skirmish at Canton Road near Brownsville, MS

October 16, 1863, skirmish at Treadwell's Plantation near Clinton and Vernon Cross Roads, MS

October 16 - 18, 1863, skirmish at Brownsville, MS

October 17, 1863, skirmish at Clinton, MS

October 17, 1863, action at Bogue Chitto Creek, MS

October 18, 1863, skirmish at Livingston Road near Clinton, MS

October 19, 1863, skirmish at Smith's Bridge, MS

October 20, 1863, skirmish at Treadwell's Plantation near Clinton, MS

October 22, 1863, skirmish at Brownsville, MS

October 31, 1863, skirmish near Yazoo City, MS

January 16 - 18, 1864, skirmish at Grand Gulf, MS

February - March 1864, Meridian Campaign, MS, operations against the Expedition up the Yazoo River

February 3, 1864, action at Liverpool Heights, Yazoo River, MS

February 4, 1864, skirmish at Liverpool Heights, Yazoo River, MS

February 5, 1864 - March 2, 1864, operations against advance from Vicksburg to Meridian, MS

February 28, 1864, skirmish near Yazoo City, MS

March 5, 1864, action at Yazoo City, MS

March 22, 1864, engagement near Okolona, Ivey's Hill [farm], MS

April 20, 1864, skirmish near Mechanicsburg, MS

May 15, - September 8, 1864, Atlanta Campaign, GA

May 18 - 19, 1864, combat near Kingston, GA

May 26 - Jun 1, 1864, combats in and around Dallas, GA

June 10 - July 2, 1864, operations around Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain, GA

June 15, 1864, combat at Brush Mountain, GA

June 20, 1864, combat at Powder Springs, Lattimer's Mills, and Noonday Creek, GA

July - September 1864, Atlanta Siege, GA

July 2 - 5, 1864, operations on the line of Nickajack Creek, GA

July 4, 1864, combat at Ruff's Station (Neal-Dow's Station), Smyrna, GA

July 5, 1864, skirmish at Nickajack Creek, GA

July 5 - 10, 1864, operations on the line of the Chattahoochee River, GA

July 6 - 8, 1864, skirmish at Nickajack Creek, GA

July 9- 10, 1864, skirmish at Nickajack Creek, GA

July 18, 1864, skirmish at Buckhead, Nancy's Creek, GA

July 22 - 24, 1864, operations against Garrard's Raid to Covington, GA

July 22 - 24, 1864, action at Covington, GA

July 23 - Aug 25, 1864, siege of Atlanta, GA

July 27 - 31, 1864, operations against McCook's Raid on the Atlanta and West Point R. R. and the Macon and Western R. R. in GA

July 28, 1864, Flat Shoals, [Flat Rock Bridge, GA?]

July 29, 1864, action at Lovejoy Station, GA

July 29, 1864, action at Smith's Cross Roads, GA

July 30, 1864, action at Clear Creek, GA

July 30, 1864, combat at Macon, GA

August 16 - 22, 1864, operations about Kilpatrick's Raid on Atlanta, GA

August 18, 1864, combat at Camp Creek, GA

August 19, 1864, combat at Jonesborough, GA

August 19, 1864, combat at Red Oak, GA

August 19, 1864, combat at Flint River, GA

August 20, 1864, combat at Lovejoy Station on the Macon and Western R.R., GA

August 27 - 28, 1864, action at Fairburn, GA

September 29 - November 3, 1864, Hood's operations in Northern GA and Northern AL

September 30, 1864, skirmish at Camp Creek, GA

October 9 - 10, 1864, skirmish near Van Wert, GA

October 1864 - January 1865, Franklin - Nashville Campaign, TN

November 22, 1864, action at Lawrenceburg, TN

November 24, 1864, action at Campbellsville, TN

November 24, 1864, action at Lynnville, TN

November 24 - 27, 1864, skirmishes near Colombia, TN

November 28, 1864, skirmish at Duck River crossing, TN

November 29, 1864, action at Columbia Ford, TN

November 29, 1864, skirmish at Thompson's Station, TN

December 1, 1864, action at Owen's Cross Roads, TN

December 5 - 7, 1864, demonstrations on Murfreesborough, TN

December 24, 1864, action at Richland Creek, TN

December 24, 1864, action at Lynnville, TN

December 25, 1864, action at King's Gap (Anthony's Gap, Devil's Gap) near Pulaski, TN

January 19, 1865, skirmish at Corinth, MS

February 17 - 18, 1865, operations against the Expedition from Eastport to Iuka, MS

May 4, 1865, surrender at Citronelle, AL










Bibliography



Stewart Sifakis, Compendium of the Confederate Armies - Texas, (New York: Facts on File, Inc., 1995), p. 84 - 85.

E. B. Long, The Civil War Day By Day, (Garden City NY: Doubleday Inc, 1971.)

27th Texas Cavalry File, Confederate Research Center, Hillsboro, TX, 1997.






©Ron Brothers, All Rights Reserved, 1999.

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